New Cosmic Particle Data Could Solve the Mystery of How the Pyramids were Built

January 20, 2016 | Kelly Tatera

Egyptian pyramids, blue sky
Photo credit: SheilaPic76/flickr (CC by SA 2.0)

Perhaps it will lead to a more fact-based explanation than “aliens.”

The Egyptian pyramids have long perplexed the people of the modern world. How did our ancestors, with virtually nothing like the technology we have today, construct monuments of such vast size and precise architecture?

An international team of researchers, part of the Scan Pyramids project, hope to have some answers soon — ones that will be based on hard scientific evidence instead of the common explanation that aliens must’ve built the Pyramids of Giza.

Over the past month, highly sensitive detectors have been collecting data on the invisible subatomic particles in Egypt’s Bent Pyramid. The particles are called muons, and when cosmic rays from deep space interact with the atoms in Earth’s atmosphere, muons are born.

Muons are all around you — in fact, scientists estimate that about 10,000 muons fall on each square meter of Earth per minute. They travel at nearly the speed of light, and are easily absorbed or deflected by dense, materials, like thick slabs of rock.

See where this is going? The pyramids were made with thick slabs of rock.

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The scientists will soon begin analyzing the cosmic particle data from the pyramid, and they hope to gain useful insight into how the structure was built about 4,600 years ago — including the possibility of any secret chambers that have not yet been discovered.

If the researchers detect muons in a certain spot for long enough, they’ll be able to create a picture of what the particles passed through above the detector. This technique, muon radiography, is also commonly used to map the inside structure of volcanoes.

Hany Helal, the vice president of the Heritage Innovation Preservation Institute in Egypt, told the AP, “For the construction of the pyramids, there is no single theory that is 100 percent proven or checked. They are all theories and hypotheses.”

He continued, "What we are trying to do with the new technology, we would like to either confirm or change or upgrade or modify the hypotheses that we have on how the pyramids were constructed."

Back in November, the Scan Pyramids project announced that thermal anomalies were found in the 4,500-year-old Khufu Pyramid. Now, the team plans to use both thermal technology and muons analysis to hopefully unleash some of the secrets about the construction of several ancient Egyptian pyramids.

"Even if we find [a] one square meter void somewhere, it will bring new questions and hypotheses and maybe it will help solve the definitive questions," said Mehdi Tayoubi, the president of the Heritage Innovation Preservation Institute.

Fingers crossed that scientific innovation will bring us to a more concrete understanding of one of the seven wonders of the world.

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